Just like humans dogs can get acne when they start going through puberty. So it’s likely you will see acne occurring in your Golden Retrievers when they are between five to eight months old.
What is canine acne?
Canine acne is an inflammatory disorder of the lips and the skin of the muzzle caused by combination of excess oily sebum and dead skin cells mixing together which causes the hair follicles to get clogged.
This results in appearance of red lumps, blackheads or whiteheads.
Symptoms Of Canine Acne
Cases of canine acne can range from mild to severe so it’s important that you as an owner recognize symptoms and act accordingly.
Acne may appear as red bumps, whiteheads or blackheads
These lumps may swell, become inflated and painful to the touch
You might see your Golden Retrievers scratching their face against carpets as they cause itch to occur
What Causes Dog Acne?
There are many factors that can cause occurrence of canine acne. What’s important to notice is that underlying cause is not yet fully understood.
Your Golden Retriever will get acne regardless of what you do as owner, since that is a normal part of his/her adolescent life.
Some dog breeds have genetic predisposition to get canine acne.
Dog acne are more probable to occur in these breeds: English Bulldogs, Mastiffs, Boxers, Doberman Pinschers, Weimaraners, Rottweilers, Great Danes.
Although these are most affected breeds, canine acne can and will occur in all dog breeds, Golden Retrievers are no exception.
Unless the dog is still in adolescence, acne problems can be attributed to poor hygiene, bacteria, allergic reaction or certain food or product.
How To Treat Acne In Golden Retriever?
Most important thing to note is that you restrain yourself from picking the acne. While it might be tempting to do so, you will only make problem worse.
Most common treatment for canine acne is topical benzoyl peroxide that helps flushing out and cleaning hair follicles.
Also, you could use steroids to decrease inflammation within the skin. Oral steroids may include prednisone or prednisolone, while topical steroids often include betamethasone or flucinolone.
If there is more serious infection your vet may prescribe an antibiotic for the skin.
Before applying any of this medications please consult your vet and follow his instructions
Preventing Acne In Golden Retriever
The most you can do prevent acne is to keep your dog’s hygiene. Regular bathing, good dental hygiene, and use of medical shampoo will do wonders. If you are planning some additional treatment, please consult your vet first.
Canine acne is normal part of your dog’s life. Majority of the cases are mild and harmless, but in very rare cases they can cause severe infection and even leave scars on your dog’s face.
So, it is important to prevent, recognize and treat them in a timely manner.