The Dalmatian is a medium sized dog breed. We know them for their unique look — a beautiful white coat marked with black spots. Originally, the Dalmatian is a hunting dog traced back to a region in Croatia called Dalmatia (hence the name — Dalmatian). Dalmatians are loyal, have a sparkling personality and high intelligence.
Dalmatians weigh from 45 to 60 pounds. They are from 19 to 23 inches tall. Their coat is flat and white with black spots.
Dalmatians are amazing dogs to be around. They are playful, active, full of energy and excitement. However, they need to be trained properly or else their energy can get a bit out of control. They don’t like sitting quietly and being inside all day. Dalmatians thrive on being outside snd being active. This breed tends to have a lot of stamina, which means that they need a reasonable amount of exercise on a daily basis — 2 hours would be ideal. They make amazing family dogs snd they will love to play with your children. However, they are quite strong so don’t let untrained Dalmatians with small children unattended. They are loyal and love deeply, and while being outdoorsy, they still love to be cuddled on the couch.
If they don’t get enough exercise or attention, they can fall back on their destructive behaviors. In those cases, Dalmatians can be stubborn, hyperactive, hard to manage and can even show signs of aggression.
Ideal conditions for Dalmatians
Dalmatians need companionship and don’t like to be alone for a long period of time. They shouldn’t be let alone for longer than three hours, so if you work full time this isn’t the breed for you! They would be on their best in an active family household where they get a lot of exercise and outside time.
One major health concern for Dalmatians is congenital deafness. Around 12 % of Dalmatians may be deaf in one ear, with a smaller number of them being completely deaf.
Urinary stones are another major health concern. Dalmatian have a defect in their genome which leads to the inability to metabolize uric acid into allantoin. That can then leads to the tendency to form urinary stones.
Less common health concerns include: Iris sphincter, CHD, hypothyroidism, allergies and seizures.
However, overall Dalmatians live a long and healthy life. Their life expectancy is from 12 to 14 years.
The coat of a Dalmatian is flat and white with trademark black spots all over it. However, these spots don’t appear until they are three to four weeks old. Due to their short coats, they are pretty eyes to take care of. However, they do tend to shed all year round which can cause some trouble. But weekly brushing can help. It’s also important to clean their ears regularly. Also — don’t forget brushing their teeth.