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Dog Eye Injury: Causes And Treatments

Dog Eye Injury: Causes And Treatments

Is your dog having an eye injury? Truth be told, they are surprisingly common in canines. They vary in severity, however, all of them need to be checked out by a veterinarian. If not treated, even the mildest eye injury could lead to infections or permanent scarring. In the worse vision loss or blindness are also a possibility.

If you notice any strange object in your dog’s eye, or some other type of weird changes — take him to the vet.

However, if you want to inform yourself about what causes eye injuries in dogs and what the symptoms are, keep reading.

What is an dog eye injury?

Eye injuries in dogs include foreign bodies, scratches, chemical of contact trauma. All forms of eye injuries in dogs can possibly lead to permanent scarring or even blindness.

What are the symptoms of an dog eye injury?

The symptoms on an eye injury in canines include:

  1. Distress or discomfort
  2. Excessive blinking
  3. Squinting
  4. Tearing of the eyes
  5. Red or bloody eyes
  6. Pawing at the eyes
  7. Changed pupil
  8. Cloudy eyes
  9. Discharge from eye
  10. Visible foreign objects in eye

What causes eye injuries in dogs?

Many different things can cause eye injuries in canines. However, the most common ones include:

  1. Altercations with other animals (most often cats)
  2. Riding in the car with head out of the window
  3. Digging or running in sandy areas
  4. Fireworks or other projectiles

What are the types of eye injuries in dogs?

The two most common types of eye injuries in dogs are simple and complicated eye injuries.

Simple eye injuries

Happens when there is penetration or perforation to either the cornea or the sclera of the eye. In the case of a penetrating injury, the wound or foreign object pierces the cornea or sclera, while in a perforating injury, the wound or object passes through the cornea or sclera.

Complicated eye injuries

Complicated eye injuries are a more serious health condition that involves a perforation of the cornea or sclera alongside with other structures of the dog’s eye. That can include the iris, retina, lens or even the eyelids.

Diagnosing eye injuries in dogs

When getting a diagnose from the vet, the most important thing that you can do is to give a thorough report on when exactly the symptoms began and how they manifested. Also, try to remember what may have caused the injuries in your dog’s eyes. Particularly if it was any of the causes that we listed above.

The vet will determine the severity and cause of the injury when giving a definite diagnosis.

If the cause is visible, like an foreign object, diagnosing won’t take too long. However, in some cases your vet will have to dig a little deeper in order to find what’s wrong with your dog.

Treating eye injuries in dogs

The treatment of an dog eye injury will depend on the type of the injury, the cause and the overall condition of your dog. Of course, your vet will be the one deciding which type of treatment will be best for your canine. However, the most common treatments include:

Simple eye injuries

Simple eye injuries are most commonly treated with an Elizabethan collar to prevent your dog from scratching, along with prescription antibiotic and/or eye drops. These antibiotic eye drops prevent all types of bacterial infections that could possibly happen due to an eye injury.

Complicated eye injuries

Complicated or more severe eye injuries do require some more complicated treatment. First of all, your vet will have to make the right diagnosis in order to properly treat your dog. In some cases, surgical treatment will even be the only option. That is especially common for foreign objects that penetrate deep into your dog’s eyes.

Antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications will help the healing process and calm down swelling of the eyes.

The exact treatment, medications, and dosages depend on how bad of an injury it is and if any complications began. Your vet will be the one describing you every step of the treatment process.

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