Samoyed is a dog bred for hard work in some of the most brutal conditions in the world. Samoyeds got their name from Samoyedic people that settled in Siberia. The original purpose of these dogs was deer hunting. However, as the Samoyede people started to heard dears, Samoyeds became stock dogs with the task to protect and move animals. The American Kennel Club recognized Samoyed in 1906 as its 58th breed. Today, Samoyeds are very popular family and companion dogs.
Samoyed: Dog Breed Info
Male Samoyed stands from 21 to 23.5 inches tall and weighs between 45 and 65 pounds. On the other hand, females stand from 19 to 21 inches tall and weigh between 35 and 50 pounds.
Samoyeds have a double coat. The outer coat is straight, while the undercoat is thick and soft. A coat can come in several colors including white-biscuit, pure white, biscuit, and cream.
Personality & Temperament
Samoyed is a loyal, playful, curious, intelligent, and affectionate dog that loves human company. Samoyeds are particularly good and gentle with children.
These dogs enjoy being a part of the “pack” and they thrive when in active families.
Therefore, Samoyed should not be left alone for longer time periods.
Also, when you walk Samoyed always keep him on a leash. These dogs have strong hunting instincts and will perceive smaller animals as prey and chase them.
It can be quite a challenge to own a Samoyed. They will often voice their dislikes by howling and barking. Also, Samoyeds tend to engage in destructive behavior if they lack exercise and physical activity.
As is the case with other dog breeds, early socialization is crucial for the proper mental development of Samoyeds. Expose your dogs to new people, dogs, animals, and situations while they are still puppies. By doing this you will help them gain confidence and social skills.
Health & Lifespan
Samoyeds are generally healthy dogs. However, similar to other dog breeds, they are also prone to certain health conditions and diseases.
The most common health issues in Samoyeds include:
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy
- Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy
- Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
- Patellar Luxation
- Hip Dysplasia
The life expectancy of a Samoyed is between 12 and 14 years.
Samoyeds are active dogs and they require daily walks, playtime, and exercise. Make sure your dog has at least an hour of daily physical activity.
Samoyeds shed a lot, especially during the shedding seasons in spring and autumn. Brush your dog two or three times a week to keep his coat in a top shape. However, the frequency of brushing should increase with the shedding season. Therefore, expect to brush your dog’s coat and vacuum house daily during the season.
Some owners find it too challenging to groom their Samoyeds, so they hire a professional groomer.
Trim your dog’s nails once or twice a month and brush his teeth daily to prevent bad breath and gum disease.
High-quality food and a well-balanced diet appropriate to the dog’s age are crucial for a good-looking, healthy Samoyed. Therefore, find quality food that your dog likes and stick with it. Also, keep a close eye on your dog’s weight and portion his meals to prevent overeating and obesity.
Samoyed is an intelligent dog that learns quickly. Therefore, they are certainly capable of learning new things with proper training. They can be challenging to train because they get bored fairly quickly. So, instead of the countless number of repetitions, you need to make training more interesting for your dog. Give your Samoyed some problem he needs to solve, something he needs to figure out.
Commonly Asked Questions
Can Samoyed become aggressive?
Samoyeds are not aggressive dogs. However, they can become aggressive if you provoke them or they are in pain or afraid of another dog, person, or animal.
Do Samoyeds smell?
Samoyeds are basically odorless dogs, which makes them perfect family dogs.
How often should I bathe my Samoyed?
Generally, you should bathe your Samoyed every six weeks.