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Teacup dogs – Big health issues of small canines

Teacup dogs – Big health issues of small canines
Teacup dogs

In the last few years, thanks to celebrities and social media, teacup dogs have become increasingly popular. There is no denying that teacup dogs or micro-dogs are adorable, however, there are also many myths and misconceptions surrounding them.

If you are thinking about getting a micro-dog, you have to do thorough research and make an informed decision. Only this way can you make sure you are bringing a healthy dog into your home and family.

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It’s a fact that their small size can bring several health issues, including problems with the skeletal and immune systems. To make matters worse, there are so many unscrupulous breeders who will knowingly produce tiny, unhealthy dogs!

That’s why we are going to take a look at everything you should know before getting a micro-dog!

Teacup dogs – What you need to know

Micro-dogs have been bred to be as small as possible. Dogs that are considered to be teacups weigh 5 pounds or less! Which is scary to even think about! You might already know it, but teacup dogs are very controversial.

The controversy is because of the breeding techniques breeders use to produce those tiny dogs.

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Breeders pair runts, dogs from the litter that is significantly smaller or weaker than the others with other runts. They do this in the hopes of producing an entire litter of smaller-than-average dogs.

Sometimes they will even stunt the growth of their puppies by underfeeding them.

Obviously, all of these techniques are extremely detrimental to the dogs’ health and happiness! Inbreeding increases the risk of inheriting a genetic disorder, like blindness or epilepsy. Besides this, if puppies are underfed and malnourished, they can have serious issues with the skeletal, digestive, and nervous systems.

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Common health issues

There are so many other health issues teacup dogs suffer from, not only the ones we mentioned above. The list of health issues differs from breed to breed.

However, heart disease, diabetes, and issues with vision, like cataracts, are common among all breeds.

But, what is important to know is that besides these health issues teacup dogs generally have health issues related to their size.

Some of the health issues that might arise because of their size are:

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  • Hypoglycemia or a very extreme drop in blood sugar. This can result in symptoms like shivering, weakness, and seizures.
  • A very unhealthy weight. Because of their size, teacup dogs have a much faster metabolism. This means that they require more frequent feedings, which combined with little or no exercise can result in unhealthy weight.
  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE). Smaller dogs are more likely to develop hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. It is characterized by bloody diarrhea or vomit, lethargy, and decreased appetite.
  • Bone fragility. The scariest health issue teacup dogs experience. It is when their bones are smaller and much more fragile than the bones of a larger dog. This sadly makes them more susceptible to breaks or fractures. Even a slight fall could result in serious injuries.

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Of course, not every teacup dog will experience these health issues, but you should still be aware of them.


In conclusion, as you can see there is a controversy surrounding teacup dogs. And for good reason!

The controversy stems mostly from the way these dogs are bred. Irresponsible breeders will do anything in order to get the smallest dog.

Another issue with these dogs many owners experience are the health problems. Because of their size teacup dogs tend to get more sick than your average-sized dogs.

Because of their size accidents happen more often too. They are more likely to get sat on, stepped on or even dropped.

Yes, we get it. Micro-dogs are super adorable, they are irresistible because they look just like toys! But, if none of these issues change your mind about getting one, then please make sure you are working with a reputable breeder! Do your research and find someone you trust!