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Vizsla Dog Breed Info: Info, Facts And Characteristics

Vizsla Dog Breed Info: Info, Facts And Characteristics

The Vizsla is a picture of grace and elegance, with its graceful legs, golden fur, and stunning brown eyes. This lovely dog originated in Hungary, where it served as a hunter’s helper for the nobles. It is for this reason that they are also known as the Hungarian Pointer. They have maintained this fineness throughout the decades and performed admirably. The Vizsla is now regarded as an ideal family pet in families all around the world.

Many people consider the Vizsla to be an excellent dog companion. They aren’t suitable for inexperienced dog owners, but they aren’t tough to care for. They are quite sociable and like being a part of the group. Vizslas also don’t require much grooming. Keep an eye out for their energy requirements. These canines have a lot of energy to expend!

Continue reading if you’re interested in bringing a Vizsla into your home. This handbook contains all of the essential information about your Vizsla. We’ll go over their background, appearance, and behavior, as well as what you should know about caring for them. Continue reading to learn more about this intriguing breed and the characteristics that make them such lovely dogs.

History of the Vizsla

The Vizsla, also known as the Hungarian Pointer, is thought to be descended from hunting dogs used by the Magyars, who first settled Hungary over a thousand years ago. Nobles and warlords were likely to utilize the dogs to hunt upland game such as birds and hares. The dogs were eventually trained to point and retrieve.

Ancient art contains images of the Vizsla’s past. A smooth-coated hound leads a Magyar huntsman in a 10th-century etching. A Vizsla-shaped dog is seen in a 14th century manuscript chapter on falconry.

By the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Vizsla had developed into a distinct breed with strong scenting abilities and a close working relationship with his handler. The gifted hunting dog was employed to relay messages during World War I.

However, the carnage of World War I, followed by the horrors of World War II, nearly wiped out the breed. Fortunately, the versatile Vizsla survived, and the breed’s first members were introduced to the United States in the early 1950s.

The breed was significantly different back then than it is now, with longer muzzles and a bonier topskull. Some had a hound-like appearance and long ears, while others were a variety of colors ranging from chocolate brown to nearly bleached out.

The Vizsla Club of America was founded in 1954, and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1960. Breeders have worked hard to create the particular Vizsla look and aristocratic bearing that you see today.

The Vizsla is now a well-loved companion who can be found doing a variety of tasks. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, some even worked at Ground Zero.

The breed is somewhat popular, ranking 43rd among the American Kennel Club’s 155 breeds and variations.


The Vizsla’s temperament is described by the AKC as “lively, gentle-mannered…affectionate and sensitive.” As a result, they make excellent family pets. Their high energy and attention needs, however, necessitate that they be pampered more than other breeds. As a result, they are not the greatest option for families with hectic schedules.

Vizslas thrive in homes where they can spend time with their people, whom they adore. They get along well with children because of their amiable demeanor. They’ll enjoy playing with children of all ages, though you should keep an eye on their relationships with your younger children! The Vizsla can be a lively and exuberant dog, knocking little children over in the process.

Vizslas are brave dogs who will defend their family if they believe they are in danger. Their welcoming demeanor, on the other hand, makes it harder for them to be scary. As a result, they don’t make the best guard dogs. Still, if you need a dog to keep watch, their vigilance will come in handy! Vizslas are delighted to welcome visitors and newcomers to your community.

Vizslas are multi-talented dogs who have worked in a variety of roles over the years. Many of them work in K-9 units for the TSA, performing detective work and even serving as seeing-eye dogs! Their gentle, gentle disposition makes them an excellent choice for working as a therapy dog.

Naturally, the greatest house for a Vizsla is one where someone is there during the day to keep him company and provide him with the exercise and mental stimulation he need. He may become bored and destructive if he does not have them. He’s a vibrant, loving, gentle buddy who will repay tenfold the affection you offer him with the proper family.

Other animals

Vizslas get along with other dogs and cats, especially if they’ve been raised with them. They may have an unhealthy obsession with pet birds, if you know what we mean. They should also not be trusted with small pets like rabbits, hamsters, or gerbils.

Living alongside smaller creatures such as hamsters, birds, and reptiles is challenging due to the Vizsla’s strong hunting instincts. After all, they’re hunting dogs, so the prey drive will always be present.

The Vizsla gets along swimmingly with other canines, especially when properly socialized. If the introductions are done correctly, you should be fine! Vizslas enjoy being part of a pack, and being around other dogs will make them feel that way.

Children and Vizsla

The Vizsla is a pleasant and tolerant dog with youngsters, but his energy can be overpowering for children under the age of six.

Teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and supervise any interactions between dogs and children to avoid biting or ear or tail pulling on either party’s side. Teach your youngster to never approach a sleeping or eating dog, or to try to steal the dog’s food. A child should never be left alone with a dog.

Vizslas’ ideal home

Vizslas do not thrive in flats due to their high energy levels. They can survive in them as long as they get all of their daily activity, which might be difficult in a congested, metropolitan environment. They will also require freedom to move around freely, which is essential for their mental health.

The energy levels of this dog breed are unbelievably high.

The energy levels of this dog breed are unbelievably high.

Because they are hunting dogs, having time to explore in a more rural location would be ideal, as they enjoy navigating harder terrain.

Due to their lack of undercoat, Vizslas will have a difficult time surviving with frigid weather. You will need to meet this demand if you reside somewhere very chilly. It’s a good idea to get them used to wearing sweaters. They may endure warmer conditions better, but they can still overheat like any other dog.

Appearance of the Vizsla 

This is a medium-sized dog with a light build, with males standing 22 to 24 inches tall at the shoulder and females 21 to 23 inches tall. The breed’s weight ranges from 45 to 65 pounds, with females being slightly smaller.

The Vizsla has a stately appearance that adds to its charm. Their heads are powerful and lean, with a wide cranium between the ears. Their muzzles are about the same length as, or slightly shorter than, their skulls when viewed in profile.

They have medium-sized, relatively deep-set eyes that mix in with the Vizsla’s coat color. The nose is the same; any color that differs from these is punished by the AKC standard. Their ears are narrow and silky, with a medium length and rounded tips that extend just past the Vizsla’s powerful jaw. Their lips are firm and never loose or flappy in any way.

Vizslas are small yet robust dogs. Their athletic build allows them to move at breakneck speed. Vizslas’ necks are thick, smooth, and arched nicely. Their necks flow into broad shoulders, which transition into a solid backline that arches slightly over the groin.

Tails are usually docked one-third off in accordance with breed standards. Their legs are strong and well-muscled, allowing them to run quickly. The hindlegs are balanced and the forelegs are straight. These lead to round, compact feet, similar to a cat’s, with brown-colored nails. This makes room for a “light-footed, graceful, and smooth” walk.


The coats of Vizsla dogs are short, dense, and smooth. Their coat is of a short to medium length. They also don’t have an undercoat, therefore they don’t shed as much as other breeds. Vizslas, on the other hand, shed considerably, which might be troublesome for allergy patients. Grooming them is simple, despite the fact that they are not hypoallergenic.

Vizsla coats come in a variety of golden rust and sandy yellow colors. Lighter tones of their pigmentation are frequently visible around the neck and shoulders, giving them a “saddle” appearance. White on the forechest and toes is allowed under the AKC standard, but it should be kept to a minimum.

The Vizsla is frequently misidentified as another breed because to its coat color. They’re frequently compared to red-coated Labradors or even Weimaraners.

Grooming the Vizsla 

Vizslas require very little upkeep, making them ideal for families looking for a low-maintenance dog. They do shed, but combing them with a rubber brush once a week can help get rid of the stray fur. This does not completely reduce the likelihood of fur getting on your clothes and furniture, but it does assist.

Bathing your Vizsla is also simple because it is only necessary when your dog is clearly filthy or smelly. Because the Vizsla’s shedding helps to remove filth from their coat, bathing isn’t necessary very often.

When bathing your dog, use lukewarm water and a light soap that is soft on their skin and fur. After that, make sure your Vizsla is completely dry, as moisture retained in the ear might cause illness. Cleaning their ears once a week with a cotton pad and an ear cleaner from your veterinarian can help avoid infection. Wipe away dirt and debris solely from the visible areas of the ear.

To avoid harm when moving around, keep their nails clipped with a decent grinder. Trim their nails once or twice a month. They’re too lengthy if you can hear them clicking on the floor. This will also help to prevent scratches on your floors. Brushing their teeth a couple times a week is also recommended for optimal oral hygiene.

When the Vizsla does not require much grooming, it is critical that they are not distressed while being groomed. Groom them shortly after you welcome them into your home and on a regular basis after that to teach them to enjoy this bonding experience with you. They will relax more quickly if you use a lot of positive reinforcement.


It’s really easy to train your Vizsla. They are one of the smarter dog breeds, ranking #31 out of nearly 200 breeds! They are eager to satisfy their trainer in addition to their intelligence. Their obedience makes training much easier, whether you do it on your own or with the help of a professional. It’s critical that they learn to appreciate you right away. Otherwise, they, like other dogs, are prone to stubbornness, which is tough to overcome. In order to successfully train your Vizsla, you must be consistent.

Don’t be impatient with your Vizsla, no matter what occurs. People who yell at them or injure them will rapidly grow enraged and resentful of them. Positive reinforcement will get your dog to the point where you want them to be much faster than you expected.

Treats, pets, and lots of praise should be used to reinforce your dog’s excellent behavior. Many trainers have found that incorporating a clicker into their training routines is beneficial. Firm leadership is essential, but the Vizsla is extremely sensitive, so be gentle!

The people-oriented Vizsla belongs in your house, not in the yard. He requires a securely fenced yard in which to play. Remember that an underground electronic fence will not keep other dogs out of the yard.

The Vizsla is a mouthy retrieving dog who enjoys chewing. Provide him with a variety of chew toys and rotate them on a regular basis to prevent him from becoming bored and chewing on your furniture, shoes, or other valuable items.


It’s also simple to socialize your Vizsla. As previously stated, this breed is quite friendly and will soon warm up to just about anyone. Nonetheless, make certain that they are properly introduced to new people. When they meet new people or animals, they must learn how to act responsibly. Due of their intense prey drive, this can be difficult!

If your Vizsla is having trouble adjusting to someone with whom they share the house, it may be best to separate them until both sides are at ease with each other. You might also want to consider enrolling your Vizsla in puppy kindergarten. It’s crucial to learn how to sympathize with other dogs in order to foster socialization and good behavior.


Your dog will almost certainly create some noise, depending on their personality and training. Some owners claim that Vizslas are silent, while others claim that they like the sound of their own voice. If you give your dog enough exercise, mental stimulation, and don’t leave them alone for lengthy periods of time, barking will be minimized.

Training Vizsla puppies

Early socialization and training will help Vizsla puppies more than most other canines. This breed may get into a lot of trouble in a lot of different ways, and if you don’t train it properly, you could end up encouraging undesirable behavior later in life. These puppies, fortunately, have a natural affection for people and should socialize and train well.

This is a hunting breed, so don’t underestimate the strong prey drive of the Vizsla.

This is a hunting breed, so don’t underestimate the strong prey drive of the Vizsla.

Crate training is one tool that can help. Although it is not required, it can help with housebreaking and behavioral difficulties. Another thing to remember is that until the puppy’s body has matured, around 18 to 24 months old, you should definitely limit both the amount and intensity of exercise.


You can’t escape your Vizsla’s high-energy requirements. Their vigor is a distinguishing feature of the breed, and it must be treated with caution. Expect to exercise them for about 2 hours every day. If you can’t finish it all in one sitting, break it up into multiple shorter periods throughout the day. The Vizsla enjoys going for long walks and would make a terrific running partner.

You might even have them jog beside you while you ride your bike. You can take them to the dog park to play with other dogs, but don’t be surprised if the other dogs become tired much faster than this pup!

Because these dogs are so intelligent, you’ll need to mix up their exercise regimens to keep them interested. Playing fetch and frisbee, as well as tug-of-war, is always a wonderful idea. Essentially, they will require a large number of toys to play with, both with you and alone.

While they do not require a lot of alone time, it is still in their best interests to give them a safe outdoor location to play on their own. This can assist them in releasing stored energy and having a good night sleep after that.


Your Vizsla’s health is determined by the quality of food they consume. It’s critical to provide them with the best possible nutrition. This can be found in high-quality dry kibble, which is the easiest to feed and has the most complete nutrients.

Dogs, like people, are unique individuals who require different amounts of food. A dog who is very active will require more than a dog who is sedentary. The type of dog food you buy makes a difference as well; the better the dog food, the more it will nourish your dog and the less you’ll have to shake into his bowl.

Because your Vizsla is a medium-sized breed, finding a high-quality food that fits their breed size shouldn’t be difficult. They will, nevertheless, need to consume in accordance with their age and stage of life.

Regardless of their age, your Vizsla should eat dog food made specifically for active dogs. Adult dog food for fully grown Vizslas ranges from 1.5 to 3 cups per day, with active breed recipes having a greater calorie count to support their activity levels.

Vizslas are known for being picky eaters. Given their propensity to obey, being tighter about mealtimes will be beneficial. When you place their bowl down, give them around 30 minutes to eat their meal. Pick up the bowl at the end of the 30 minutes and keep it till the next meal. You can add wet food to your dog’s dry kibble in more severe situations to make it more appealing.

3 to 4 cups of high-quality dog food per day. Rather than putting food out all the time, measure his food and feed him twice a day to keep your Vizsla in good form.

Health Issues of the Vizsla 

Vizslas are typically healthy dogs, however they are susceptible to specific health problems like any other breed. Although not all Vizslas will contract any or all of these illnesses, it’s crucial to be aware of them if you’re thinking about getting one.

Find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your dog’s parents if you’re buying a puppy. Health clearances demonstrate that a dog has been checked for and cleared of a certain disease.

It’s critical that your Vizsla lives as healthy a life as possible. After all, they only live for 12 to 15 years, so those years had better be fun! A Vizsla from a reputable breeder will be a healthy dog with the necessary certifications.

Aside from that, the breeder will be able to inform you of any potential problems that your Vizsla may face. Vizslas, like any dogs, can develop health problems at any time. Understanding these issues can help you communicate with your veterinarian about the situation.

We’ve compiled a list of some of the health issues that your Vizsla could face. Although these problems do not affect all dogs of this breed, they are ones to be aware of. Keep an eye out for any changes in your Vizsla that could indicate illness– they’re not always evident!

Most common health issues 

Von Willebrand’s Disease

This is one of the most prevalent blood clotting problems in humans, and you might be surprised to learn that it can also affect your dog. Von Willebrand’s disease is caused by a lack of the von Willebrand Factor, a protein that aids in blood clotting.

In the event of even a minor cut, this can result in significant bleeding. This disease is difficult to detect because your dog may appear to be in perfect health for their whole life, unless they have an injury. Other signs and symptoms may appear in some dogs. Nosebleeds, blood in the feces or urine, and easily damaged skin are examples.

If you and your dog are both careful, this ailment will not have a significant impact on your dog’s quality of life. Inquire with your veterinarian about treatment options for the condition. It’s critical to have your Vizsla checked for this problem as soon as possible, as certain medications, such as aspirin, might make it worse.


This is a seizure-inducing condition. Epilepsy can be controlled with medicine, but it is not curable. With correct management of this condition, a dog can live a long and healthy life.

Hip Dysplasia

Canine hip dysplasia occurs when the hip joint becomes unstable as a result of both developmental and environmental factors. Vizslas are prone to this bone and joint disorder. The femur does not meet the pelvic bone appropriately, causing the bones to wear out prematurely.

Later in life, your dog may develop arthritis, which can be excruciatingly painful. This ailment shows itself as a peculiar walk, shaky posture, or limping, all of which are plainly seen in your beautiful Vizsla. To preserve your dog’s quality of life, discuss care with your veterinarian as soon as feasible.


Lymposarcoma is the third most frequent cancer in dogs, and it can affect the spleen, gastrointestinal system, lymph nodes, liver, and bone marrow, among other organs. Chemotherapy is used to treat the cancer, and about 80% of dogs treated will go into remission.


Allergies to pollen, mold, and dust cause people to sneeze. Instead of sneezing, allergies in dogs produce itching. Atopy is a name used to describe a common skin allergy in these puppies. The feet, tummy, skin wrinkles, and ears are the most commonly affected locations. Symptoms normally emerge between the ages of one and three, and they can get worse as time goes on. Licking the paws, stroking the face, and recurring ear infections are the most prevalent allergy symptoms. The good news is that these diseases can be treated in a number of different ways.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy is an eye ailment that might have a negative impact on the quality of life of your Vizsla. This usually happens later in life as a result of retinal degeneration. Retinal dysplasia is the name for the early-onset type, which is observed in puppies. This is when the retinal cells do not mature properly.

The dog becomes partially or completely blind in both cases. While the disease isn’t unpleasant, it can have a significant influence on your dog’s quality of life. Consult your veterinarian about your dog’s alternatives, as well as what to do if he becomes blind.


The hormone generated by the thyroid gland is at an unusually low level. Infertility is a modest symptom of the condition. Obesity, mental dullness, drooping eyes, low energy levels, and erratic heat cycles are some of the more visible symptoms. The dog’s fur becomes harsh and brittle, falling out, and the skin becomes tough and black. Hypothyroidism is treated with daily medicine that must be given to the dog for the rest of his life. A dog who receives thyroid therapy on a daily basis can enjoy a full and happy life.

Buying a Vizsla puppy

You might consider going to a breeder if you want to adopt a Vizsla. This is a viable alternative if the breeder you select is trustworthy. Puppy mills are run by a lot of unethical breeders. The dogs are abused here, and these establishments exist simply for the purpose of profit.

There are a lot of good, reliable Vizsla breeders out there that are passionate about the breed. They’ll typically let you meet your puppy in the weeks leading up to your adoption. This manner, you can begin socializing your puppy and transition into a happy home life together more smoothly.

You can also look around your puppy’s living quarters, which are clean and pleasant. Your puppy’s breeder will be able to answer any questions you have about the breed. They will also provide you with veterinary certificates for any testing, vaccines, or dewormings that your dog has received.

There are plenty of tools accessible online to assist you in your search for the ideal puppy. Many social media forums will be able to steer you in the appropriate route. Otherwise, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has a resource for breeder referrals. A purebred Vizsla puppy can be quite costly. A pet-quality Vizsla should cost between $1,500 and $2,200, with show-quality dogs costing twice as much or more.

Shelters and Rescues

Instead of adopting a puppy, consider rescuing one. You’ll save a puppy’s life while also saving money.
While purchasing a Vizsla from a respectable breeder is a fantastic option, we always recommend checking local rescues and shelters first. Although rare, this breed can be seen among the dogs at the shelter. A dedicated breed rescue, such as the Vizsla Club of America, is a better bet.

This may take a little more time, but it’s a fraction of the price you’d pay a breeder. Not only that, but you’re also giving your new puppy a second opportunity. In the United States alone, about 3.3 million dogs are sent to shelters each year, with many of them euthanized after a period of time has passed. You’d be making a difference in the life of a dog who has been through a lot, and that’s something genuinely remarkable.

Vizslas are frequently purchased without a clear grasp of what it takes to own one, and these dogs frequently find up in the hands of rescue organizations, where they are available for adoption or fostering. Other Vizslas wind up in rescue as a result of a divorce or death of their owners. A rescue group is a fantastic place to start if you’re interested in adopting an adult Vizsla who has previously gone through the destructive puppy stage and may already be trained.

Two reliable rescue groups are Vizsla Canada and Vizsla Club of America Rescue.

Vizslas are really lovely dogs, but those adopted from a shelter may take some time to warm up to you. They’ll trust you if you show them enough patience, care, and love, and they’ll show you plenty of thanks and devotion once you’ve won them over!

Downsides of owning a Vizsla

They need plenty of exercise

Vizslas are athletic dogs who require one hour of exercise to run and expel their pent-up energy. Otherwise, they’ll grow boisterous and bored, which they’ll show by barking and chewing destructively. Bored Vizslas are notorious for chewing through walls, pulling the stuffing out of sofas, and turning your yard into a lunar landscape with massive craters.

I do not recommend this breed if you simply want a pet for your family and do not have the time or willingness to take your dog running, hiking, bicycling, or swimming, or to participate in hunting, agility classes, or advanced obedience.


Young Vizslas (up to roughly two years old) romp and jump wildly, causing items to fly. This could be a problem especially with tiny children and the elderly.

Separation anxiety

Vizslas require more companionship than most other breeds and dislike being left alone for more than a few hours. They are called the Velcro Vizsla because they get so attached to their owners. Therefore they don’t do to well on their own. They usually show their dissatisfaction by chewing and barking in a destructive manner.

They need a lot of socialization

Vizslas require a lot of social interaction as well as exposure to uncommon sights and sounds. Otherwise, their natural trepidation can turn into shyness, which can be difficult to deal with.

Training difficulties

Vizslas are intelligent dogs who can learn a lot. However, because most Vizslas are readily distracted by stimulating sights, sounds, and scents, they are not the simplest breed to teach. To keep a dog’s attention during a training session, you’ll need some training experience. Or a professional trainer.

Health problems

In Vizslas, epileptic seizures are a common genetic disease. Hip and eye ailments, blood disorders, skin illnesses, and cancer are also common.

Vizsla FAQs 

What exactly is a Vizsla?

The Vizsla is a medium-sized talented hunting dog with Hungarian origins. It is a devoted and affectionate friend with a long lifespan. This breed is also incredibly adaptable when it comes to learning new chores and skills. It has a lean body and a golden rust coat, with a moderate amount of shedding.

Is a Vizsla a good family dog?

Yes, the Vizsla is regarded as a wonderful family dog. It is pleasant and loyal to people of all ages. This breed gets along well with other dogs as well.

What’s the worst thing about Vizslas?

The Vizsla’s strong hunting instincts and high motor may turn off some individuals. These characteristics cannot always be trained out of a dog, so if you don’t want to deal with them, this is not the breed for you.

Do Vizslas bark a lot?

When agitated or sensing anything is wrong, the Vizsla barks a reasonable amount.

Final thoughts on the Vizsla 

The Vizsla is described as “lively, gentle-mannered, demonstrably friendly, and sensitive” by the AKC Standard.

Because he is so tactile, the Vizsla has been dubbed a “Velcro” dog because he prefers to attach himself to people, ideally in their laps.

The Vizsla is an athletic, nimble, and light-footed hunting dog who requires daily intense exercise and plenty of personal attention. Neurotic tendencies such as hyperactivity and destructiveness might develop as a result of too much seclusion and too little companionship. Vizslas who are bored are notorious chewers.

The majority of Vizslas get along with everyone, even strangers and other animals, although they do require a lot of early socialization in order to gain confidence. In new situations, some Vizslas are energetic and/or quickly startled.

All pointing breeds have an independent personality, but the Vizsla responds to training more willingly than most and is a capable participant in advanced obedience contests.

We hope that this article has thrown some light on the wonderful Vizsla dog breed. Bringing one of these great, beautiful dogs into your family will undoubtedly need a significant amount of time and effort on your part. You won’t have much issue with this faithful puppy as long as their needs are addressed.

It’s only a matter of being able to get them out for their daily exercise, which may be rather extensive! This job, on the other hand, is always well worth it.


My name is Katy and I am 27. I love to travel and you would be surprised how good I am at karaoke. 🙂 Passionate dog lover and a "mother" to a beautiful toy puddle named Zara. I work as a volunteer in a local shelter and I am a veterinary assistant helping our four-legged friends every day.